Description of (baby) pelham:
- The pelham is delivered with short and long shanks. A bit with short shanks is called a baby pelham. A pelham with long shanks is a normal pelham. This bit can be used with one or two reins.
- You can also use a pelham strap, this connects the bit ring with the ring a the bottom of the shank. A pelham strap connects the two rings, so just one rein is needed. The effect is a bit softer than riding with two reins.
- The pelham is used in combination with a curb chain.
- The pelham is often used with strong horses. Because of the leverage effect created by the sides, the bit is pretty sharp. By using this bit it’s easier to ride a horse rounder in the neck. The longer the sides, the sharper it is.
- The pelham is not suitable for inexperienced riders or horses.
Description rubber / plastic bits:
- A rubber bit can be flexible, but also can contain a hard core. The flexible rubber bit has a steel wire running through is, so the bit can not break. The flexible bit is softer.
- Black rubber has the disadvantage that if a horse has a drier mouth, the bit gets hot by friction and then can burn on the tongue. When a horse produces enough saliva, a rubber bit is the softer variant of a metal bit. The plastic variant is smoother and doesn’t have this problem.
Straight mouthpiece features:
- A straight mouthpiece often has a sharper effect than a single or double jointed mouthpiece. The shape of the mouthpiece determines where the pressure will be in the mouth. A straight mouthpiece with tongue port puts more pressure on the layers and keeps the tongue free. The straighter and thicker the mouthpiece, the more pressure on the tongue.