The pelham is delivered with short and long shanks. A bit with short shanks is called a baby pelham. A pelham with long shanks is a normal pelham. This bit can be used with one or two reins. You can also use a pelham strap, this connects the bit ring with the ring a the bottom of the sides. A pelham strap connects the two reins, so just one rein is needed. The effect is a bit softer than riding with two reins. The pelham is used in combination with a curb chain. The pelham is often used with strong horses. Because of the leverage effect created by the sides, the bit is pretty sharp. By using this bit it’s easier to ride a horse rounder in the neck. The longer the sides, the sharper it is. The pelham is not suitable for inexperienced riders or horses.
Features straight / unjointed mouthpiece:
A unjointed bit/straight bit often works sharper than a single or double jointed mouthpiece. The shape of the mouthpiece determines the pressure in the mouth. A straight mouth piece with tongue port gives more pressure on the layers and keeps the tongue free. The straighter and thicker the mouthpiece, the more pressure on the tongue.
Features single leather mouthpiece:
For horses that are sensitive to the layers or have an injury in the mouth leather bits are frequently used. This bit is soft. Leather has the characteristic that it is softer when wet by saliva in the mouth.
There is a leather cloth stitched around an existing bit. The Trust bits have a nylon core and are flexible so they form to the horse's mouth.